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Accueil > Publications > Publications par année > Année 2001

Metastable fragmentation of silver bromide clusters

The abundance spectra and the fragmentation channels of silver bromide clusters have been measured and analyzed. The most abundant species are AgnBrn - 1+ and AgnBrn + 1- and Ag14Br13+ is a magic number, revealing their ionic nature. However, some features depart from what is generally observed for alkali-halide ionic clusters. From a certain size, AgnBrn - 1+ is no more the main series, and AgnBr n - 2, 3+ series become almost as important. The fast fragmentation induced by a UV laser makes the cations lose more bromine than silver ions and lead to more silver-rich clusters. Negative ions mass spectra contain also species with more silver atoms than required by stoichiometry. We have investigated the metastable fragmentation of the cations using a new experimental method. The large majority of the cations release mainly a neutral Ag3Br3 cluster. These decay channels are in full agreement with our recent ab initio DFT calculations, which show that Ag+-Ag+ repulsion is reduced due to a globally attractive interaction of their d orbitals. This effect leads to a particularly stable trimer (AgBr)3 and to quasi-planar cyclic structures of (AgBr)n clusters up to n = 6. We have shown that these two features may be extended to other silver halides, to silver hydroxides (AgOH)n, and to cuprous halide compounds.

Voir en ligne : European Physical Journal D 14, 323-30 (2001)