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Gain-dispersion coupling induced by transient light shifts in an atomic medium

A weak resonant femtosecond pulse propagates through an optically thick atomic medium whose properties have been modified by a strong nonresonant ultrashort pulse. We study the energy redistribution between the spectral components of the weak resonant pulse using both experimental and theoretical methods. The transmitted spectrum exhibits an asymmetric feature that reveals an important gain-dispersion coupling. For light shifts that perturb slightly the propagation of the weak resonant pulse, this asymmetry maps out the asymptotic part of the linear susceptibility.

View online : Phys. Rev. A 76, 023422 (2007)