Université Paul Sabatier - Bat. 3R1b4 - 118 route de Narbonne 31062 Toulouse Cedex 09, France


Accueil > Publications > Publications par année > Année 2012

Macroscopic extension of RRK and Weisskopf models of unimolecular evaporation

The macroscopic behavior of two microscopic unimolecular evaporation models is examined. The temperature dependences of bulk equilibrium vapor pressures deduced from the Rice-Ramsperger-Kassel (RRK) model and from the Weisskopf model, respectively, are compared. The bulk vapor pressures of sodium given by both models are compared, over a wide temperature range, with the experimental vapor pressures. The Weisskopf model is in better agreement with the experimental data than the RRK theory : from the melting temperature to the critical temperature ( 370 K–2500 K), the vapor pressures of sodium calculated using the Weisskopf model agree with experimental values within 2%, whereas the RRK theory leads to errors of more than 40%. The Weisskopf theory satisfying the detailed balance principle, whereas the RRK theory does not, may explain this result.

Voir en ligne : EPL, 100, 23001 (2012)